is a social psychologist who has been working with
the particle swarm algorithm, which he originated with Russell C. Eberhart,
since 1994. He received his Ph.D. in 1992 from the University of North Carolina,
and works for the US Department of Labor in Washington, DC. He has published
dozens of articles and chapters on particle swarms and related topics, in both
computer-science and social-science journals and Proceedings. The Morgan Kaufmann
volume, "Swarm Intelligence," by Kennedy and Eberhart, is now in its third printing.